Wrocław is the largest city in western Poland. It is situated on the River Odra in the Silesian Lowlands of Central Europe, roughly 350 kilometres from the Baltic Sea to the north and 40 kilometres from the Sudety Mountains to the south. Wrocław is the historical capital of Silesia and Lower Silesia.
The population of Wrocław in 2014 was 633,802, making it the fourth largest city in Poland, classified as a Global city by GaWC, with the ranking of high sufficiency. Wrocław was ranked consulting firm Mercer, "The best city to live" in 2015, and has been included in this ranking as a city growing business center. Wrocław is the only Polish city was in the top ten places to visit in the ranking of the British newspaper The Guardian.
At various times in history it has been part of the Kingdom of Poland, Bohemia, Hungary, the Austrian Empire, Prussia and Germany. It became part of Poland in 1945, as a result of the border changes after the Second World War. The city is going to be European Capital of Culture, World Book Capital and host Theatre Olympics and European Film Awards in 2016.